Zafra Lerman is an American chemist, educator, and humanitarian. She conducted research on isotope effects at Cornell and Northwestern Universities in the US, and the ETH, Zurich, Switzerland. From 1986 to 2010, she chaired the American Chemical Society's Subcommittee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights. She has been successful in preventing executions, releasing prisoners of conscience from jail and bringing dissidents to freedom. She has received over 40 awards for her work in education, human rights, and science diplomacy, including the 1999 Presidential Award from U.S. President Clinton, the 2005 Nyholm Prize for Education from the Royal Society of Chemistry (UK), the 2015 Science Diplomacy Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the 2016 Andrei Sakharov prize for human rights from the American Physical Society (APS), and the 2016 Peace and Justice award from the UN NOVUS Summit. She was honored three times by the U.S. Congress with speeches about her work in 2002, 2004 and 2013. Her work has been featured on many national and international television and media outlets.